Wednesday, June 5, 2013

The Car History

History of Development in Cars

Electrical Ignition: Charles Kettering invented the electrical starting motor testing the first system in Cadillac car in 1911.

Windscreen Wipers: Mary Anderson, an American lady, devised a spring loaded swinging arm windscreen wiper. she patented her invention in 1905. In 1917 Ormond invented the automatic, electrically operated, windscreen wiper.

Car Radio: In 1921, Paul Galvin from America invented first car radio. He coined the name "Motorola" for the company's new products combining the idea of motion and radio. Motorola model radio became hte of the world's first commercially successful car radios.

Power Steering: Francis W. Davis invented power steering. He developed a hydraulic power steering system system that led to power steering. The first car with power steering was manufactured by chrysler in 1951.

Power Window: Packard Motor car company introduced the first power windows in 1940. In 1941, the Ford motors company followed suit.

Air Conditioning: The Packard Motor Car Company was the first automobile manufacturer to build air conditioners into its cars, beginning in 1939. These air conditioners took up the entire trunk space to turn it off, the driver had to stop the car and i the engine and then open the hood and disconnect a belt connected to the air conditioning compressor. General Motors introduced a more efficient air conditioner beginning with its 1954 Pontiac V8 models. Automobile air conditioners would not become truly commonplace until the 1970s and 1980s.

Air Bags: Ford built an experimental fleet of cars with airbags in 1971, followed by General Motors in 1973 on Chevrolet vehicles as an option. The Oldsmobile Toronado became the first car with a passenger airbag.

Tyre: In 1843 Charles Goodyear invented vulcanized rubber that was later used for the first tyres. The first practical pneumatic tyre was made by the Scot, John Boyd Dunlop, in 1888.

In 1895, Michelin Introduced pneumatic automobile tyres. ln 1903, Goodyear Tire Company patented the first tubeless tyre, however it was not introduced until the launch of the 1954 Packard. In 1908, Frank Seiberling invented grooved tyres with improved road traction. In 1910, B.F. Goodrich Company invented longer life tyres by adding carbon to the rubber. Goodyear introduced first nylon tyres (1947). B.F. Goodrich introduced the tubeless tyre (1947). Michelin the radial tyre (1949) and Pirelli the wide radial tyre (1974).


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Turn Signals: In 1914, movie actress Florence Florence Lawrence had invented the first turn signal called auto signalling arm. An early version of the turn signal she invented consisted of a signalling arm, which was mounted on the back fender. The arm was activated by an electric button on the dash. The arm could be raised and lowered and would point in the turning directions. Buick invented the first electric turn signals in 1938. By 1940, Buick added the self-canceling mechanism attached to the steering column.

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